Provide children with many firsthand experiences and give them the words that describe what they are doing.
Introduce new words during story time.
Lead children in singing songs, saying rhymes, and fingerplays.
Sing songs, play language games, and say rhymes that encourage children to play with words.
Talk about words and sounds in daily activities.
Read books that play with the sounds in words (Rhyming).
Talk about features of print (top to bottom, left to right etc)
Point out one to one correspondent for reading words.
Draw attention to symbols such as periods and question marks and explain what they mean.